ETHW confirms contract vulnerability exploit, dismisses replay assault claims


Put up-Ethereum Merge proof-of-work (PoW) chain ETHW has moved to quell claims that it had suffered an on-chain replay assault over the weekend.

Good contract auditing agency BlockSec flagged what it described as a replay assault that occurred on Sept. 16, through which attackers harvested ETHW tokens by replaying the decision knowledge of Ethereum’s proof-of-stake (PoS) chain on the forked Ethereum PoW chain.

In accordance with BlockSec, the foundation reason for the exploit was on account of the truth that the Omni cross-chain bridge on the ETHW chain used outdated chainID and was not appropriately verifying the proper chainID of the cross-chain message.

Ethereum’s Mainnet and take a look at networks use two identifiers for various makes use of, particularly, a community ID and a sequence ID (chainID). Peer-to-peer messages between nodes make use of community ID, whereas transaction signatures make use of chainID. EIP-155 launched chainID as a way to stop replay assaults between the ETH and Ethereum Basic (ETC) blockchains.

1/ Alert | BlockSec detected that exploiters are replaying the message (calldata) of the PoS chain on @EthereumPow. The basis reason for the exploitation is that the bridge would not appropriately confirm the precise chainid (which is maintained by itself) of the cross-chain message.

— BlockSec (@BlockSecTeam) September 18, 2022

BlockSec was the primary analytics service to flag the replay assault and notified ETHW, which in flip rapidly rebuffed preliminary claims {that a} replay assault had been carried out on-chain. ETHW made makes an attempt to inform Omni Bridge of the exploit on the contract degree:

Had tried each approach to contact Omni Bridge yesterday.

Bridges must appropriately confirm the precise ChainID of the cross-chain messages.

Once more this isn’t a transaction replay on the chain degree, it’s a calldata replay as a result of flaw of the particular contract.

— EthereumPoW (ETHW) Official #ETHW #ETHPoW (@EthereumPoW) September 18, 2022

Evaluation of the assault revealed that the exploiter began by transferring 200 WETH via the Omni bridge of the Gnosis chain earlier than replaying the identical message on the PoW chain, netting an additional 200ETHW. This resulted within the steadiness of the chain contract deployed on the PoW chain being drained.

Associated: Cross-chains within the crosshairs: Hacks name for higher protection mechanisms

BlockSec’s evaluation of the Omni bridge supply code confirmed that the logic to confirm chainID was current, however the verified chainID used within the contract was pulled from a worth saved within the storage named unitStorage.

The group defined that this was not the proper chainID collected via the CHAINID opcode, which was proposed by EIP-1344 and exacerbated by the ensuing fork after the Ethereum Merge:

“That is most likely on account of the truth that the code is sort of outdated (utilizing Solidity 0.4.24). The code works positive on a regular basis till the fork of the PoW chain.”

This allowed attackers to reap ETHW and doubtlessly different tokens owned by the bridge on the PoW chain and go on to commerce these on marketplaces itemizing the related tokens. Cointelegraph has reached out BlockSec to determine the worth extracted throughout the exploit.

Following Ethereum’s profitable Merge occasion which noticed the good contract blockchain transition from PoW to PoS, a bunch of miners determined to proceed the PoW chain via a tough fork. 


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